Economic analysis of backyard agriculture and livestock farming in semi-urban areas of the central highlands of Mexico

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v15i30.3156

Keywords:

producers’ market, benefit ratio , cost, profitability, backyard systems, agriculture, livestock, farmers, economics, highlands, Mexico

Abstract

In the backyard systems in urban and semi-urban areas of the central highlands of Mexico, agriculture and livestock activities are practiced. In order to know the behavior of the economic variables in these farms, a non-probabilistic sampling by quotas was carried out, using the snowball technique, which consisted of applying surveys to a total of 92 producers, which was designed to collect information on the general characteristics of the backyard, social, and economic system, as well as the products generated from agriculture and livestock. With the information collected, an inventory of the plant and animal species that are produced in the backyard system was made, in addition to estimating economic income, variable costs, fixed costs, total costs, profits and the benefit-cost ratio for carrying out livestock activities agriculture or both in backyard systems. It was found that farmers have an average space in the backyard of 360.5 m2 to carry out activities of agriculture, livestock or both. Farmers who carry out agriculture and livestock activities generate higher income and economic profits, compared to those who only carry out one activity, obtaining a benefit of 27.44 cents for each dollar invested, compared to 16.64 and 18.00 cents for developing the activity agriculture and livestock respectively. The agricultural and livestock activity in the backyard systems of the highlands of Mexico, represent an option to generate economic income for families, and generate food products for self-consumption and reduce expenses for food purchases in the family nucleus.

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Author Biographies

Yuridia Bautista-Martínez , Autonomous University of Tamaulipas

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics. Victoria City, Tamaulipas, Mexico

Francisco Ernesto Martínez-Castañeda, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico

Institute of Agricultural and Rural Sciences. State of Mexico, Mexico

Alfonso Morales , University of Wisconsin, Madison

Department of Urban and Regional Planning. Madison, Wiscosin, United States

José Guadalupe Haro, Postgraduate College

Campus Montecillos, Livestock. Montecillos, State of Mexico. Mexico

Lorenzo Danilo Granados Rivera, National Institute of Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock Research

General Terán Experimental Field. Nuevo Leon, Mexico

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Published

2023-05-24

How to Cite

Bautista-Martínez , Y. ., Martínez-Castañeda, F. E. ., Morales , A. ., Haro, J. G. ., & Granados Rivera, L. D. (2023). Economic analysis of backyard agriculture and livestock farming in semi-urban areas of the central highlands of Mexico. Nova Scientia, 15(30), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v15i30.3156

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