Ionic sufficiency of the nutrient solution and effects on the total soluble solid’s concentration in mini tomatoes

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v14i29.3130

Keywords:

petiole cell extract, fruit cell extract, high-tech greenhouse, nitrate, calcium, potassium, sodium, pH, electrical conductivity, Solanum lycopersicum L., fruit, summer, winter, cycles, seasons, nutrition

Abstract

Mini tomato production in the greenhouse has reached the last decades, however, the efficient use of fertilizers and the effect on the quality of the fruits are often overlooked. In this work, the ionic concentration ranges were determined, as well as the relationship between the ions (NO3-, K+, Ca2+, and Na+), the pH, electrical conductivity of the nutrient solution, the total soluble solids (TSS) of the cell extract of petiole (PCE) and the fruit cell extract (FCE) in mini tomatoes (Grape, Savantas, and Tov) in the summer-winter cycle. High ranges of ionic concentration were recorded. The Na+ and K+ collected in the emitters showed strong resonance with the same ions recorded in the PCE. The heat map of the correlations showed clusters between the K+ and Ca2+ of the nutrient solution, which were found to be highly correlated with the PCE and FCE content in the winter season. Principal component analysis showed that NO3- and Na+ are far from the K+ and Ca2+ content of PCE and FCE. The concentration ranges found suggest ionic sufficiency for mini tomato genotypes produced in high-tech greenhouse.

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Author Biographies

Adalberto Benavides Mendoza, Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro

Department of Horticulture. Saltillo Coahuila

Karim de Alba Romenus, Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro

IT (Computing) Subdirectorate. Saltillo Coahuila

Jorge Francisco León de la Rocha, Technological University of Tehuacán

Department of Sustainable and Protected Agriculture. San Pablo Tepetzingo, Tehuacan, Puebla

Willian Alfredo Narváez Ortiz, Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro

Department of Horticulture. Saltillo Coahuila

Nazario Francisco Francisco, Technological University of Tehuacán

Department of Sustainable and Protected Agriculture. San Pablo Tepetzingo, Tehuacan, Puebla

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Published

2022-11-14

How to Cite

Benavides Mendoza, A., de Alba Romenus, K., León de la Rocha, J. F., Narváez Ortiz, W. A. ., & Francisco Francisco, N. (2022). Ionic sufficiency of the nutrient solution and effects on the total soluble solid’s concentration in mini tomatoes. Nova Scientia, 14(29). https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v14i29.3130

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Natural Sciences and Engineering

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